An attempt by the Czechs to create a tripartite monarchy (Austria-Hungary-Bohemia) failed in 1871. During the Revolution of 1848, many Czech nationalists called for autonomy for Bohemia from Habsburg Austria, but the revolutionaries were defeated. After Žižka's death, Prokop the Great took over the command for the army, and under his lead the Hussites were victorious for another ten years, to the sheer terror of Europe. The Communist Party won the most votes in free elections but not a simple majority. The Czechs continued to agitate for autonomy within an Austro-Hungarian Empire that would have a federal structure. With them were also tribes who had pushed from the east, such as the Vandals, and Alans. After the Velvet Divorce in 1993, the territory of Bohemia remained in the Czech Republic. From the 13th century on, settlements of Germans developed throughout Bohemia, making Bohemia a bilingual country. Petr Charvát: "Zrod Českého státu" [Origin of the Bohemian State], March 2007. The now defunct Pah-Ute County was split from Mohave County in 1865, but merged back in 1871. In 1458, George of Poděbrady was elected to ascend to the Bohemian throne.
In the mining town of Sankt Joachimsthal (now Jáchymov), famous coins called Joachimsthalers were coined, which gave their name to the Thaler and the dollar.
Reenactment of the Battle of the White Mountain, Czech Republic. Klement Gottwald, the communist leader, became Prime Minister of a coalition government. Another part of the nation moved west with the Helvetii into southern France, which was one of the events leading to the interventions of Julius Caesar's Gaulish campaign of 58 BC. They were able to maintain a strong alliance with neighbouring tribes including (at different times) the Lugii, Quadi, Hermunduri, Semnones, and Buri, which was sometimes partly controlled by the Roman Empire and sometimes in conflict with it; for example, in the 2nd century, they fought Marcus Aurelius.
 However, the three lands are mentioned in the preamble of the Constitution of the Czech Republic: "We, citizens of the Czech Republic in Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia…". Wars between Bohemian Hussites and the Roman Catholics of Bohemia and Germany engulfed the kingdom until compacts were negotiated in 1436 that granted the more-moderate Hussites (known as Utraquists) some degree of religious freedom and reduced the power of the Roman Catholic Church there.
In 1609, Holy Roman Emperor Rudolph II, who made Prague again the capital of the Empire at the time, himself a Roman Catholic, was moved by the Bohemian nobility to publish Maiestas Rudolphina, which confirmed the older Confessio Bohemica of 1575. The manorial system sharply declined, as it did in Bavaria. Byzantine Emperor Constantine VII in his 10th century work De Administrando Imperio also mentioned the region as Boiki (see White Serbia)..
Under Charles IV, the son of John and Elizabeth, both city and kingdom enjoy a period of unprecedented splendour - even though the early years of his reign coincide with the horrors of the. On two occasions he is imprisoned for lengthy spells by rebellious nobles. In 1355 Charles of Luxembourg, the king of Bohemia, became Holy Roman emperor as Charles IV. In 1969, the Czech lands (including Bohemia) were given autonomy within Czechoslovakia as the Czech Socialist Republic.
Bohemia thus remains a historical region, and its administration is divided between the Prague, Central Bohemia, Plzeň, Karlovy Vary, Ústí nad Labem, Liberec, and Hradec Králové Regions, as well as parts of the Pardubice, Vysočina, South Bohemian, Olomouc and South Moravian Regions. In the early 15th century, however, Bohemia fell victim to disputes between Roman Catholics and the followers of the Bohemian religious reformer Jan Hus, who was burned as a heretic in 1415.
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