define plantation agriculture explain any four characteristics of plantation agriculture

Ans. Plantation covers large tracts of land, using capital intensive inputs, with the help of migrant labourers.

[CBSE Comp. It is a Kharif crop.

Major tea-producing states are Assam, West Bengal, (Hills of Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri Districts), Tamil Nadu and Kerala. What type of climate is required for the cultivation of wheat ? Why is the growth rate in agriculture decelerating ? Describe ‘Jhumming cultivation’ in one sentence. This is a type of agriculture which involves growing and processing of a single cash crop purely meant for sale. Which crop is known as the “golden fibre” ? Plantation agriculture has its roots in the past. Q.6.

(i) HYV seeds and modern inputs are used to increase the production.

3.

The largest estates are owned by the Europeans.

Describe the temperature and climatic conditions required for the cultivation of sugarcane.

Define plantation agriculture. (iii) Grapes

What initiatives have been taken by government to ensure an increase in agricultural production ? Cool temperature is needed at the time of ripening. (i) Mangoes : Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal.

Rubber, tea, coffee, spices, coconut and fruits are some of the * important crops which come under the category of plantation agriculture. Ans.

Estate farming is an outstanding feature of plantation agriculture.

Ans.

Name the important beverage crop introduced by the British in India.

(iii) It needs vast estates, managerial ability, technical know-how, sophisticated machinery, fertilisers, good transport facilities and a factory for processing. (iii) Refer Q.No. Large land areas are needed for this type of agriculture.

(i) Temperature : It is a tree of the tropical forests, and requires a constant high temperature above 25°C. 6, Long Answer Type Questions.

(i) Temperature : Cotton needs a warm climate. Q.20. Plantations are mainly found in countries that have a tropical climate. Punjab and Haryana grow the long staple variety. Or The Malaysian rubber plantations are owned by Europeans while the tapping and processing of the rubber is done entirely by local people or by immigrant labourers from southern India. Q.10.

Gujarat was the largest producer of Groundnut in India. Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and The Andaman and Nicobar islands including the Garo Hills of the Himalayas are the other producers. (ii) Bananas : Kerala, Mizoram, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu. Mention the main growing regions. • It requires moist and humid climate with rainfall of more than 200 cm and temperature above 25°C. • All produce is used as raw material in industries such as tea, coffee, rubber, sugarcane, banana, etc.

(i) Jute grows well in well-drained fertile soils of the flood plains where the soil is renewed every year. (iii) Soil : Sugarcane grows on well-drained fertile soil.

iv. In India, tea, coffee, rubber, sugarcane and banana etc ., are important plantation crops. (D) 2008, 2008 (F), Sept. 2010, 2011, 2012], NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Foundation of IT, CBSE Class 10 Social Science SST CBSE Class 10 Social Science Geography CBSE Class 10 Social Science Notes, NCERT CBSE Class 10 Social Science Solutions, NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Social Science Solutions, NCERT Solutios For Class 10 Social Science Chapter, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 1, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 2, Periodic Classification of Elements Class 10, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 7, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 8, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 9, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 10, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 11, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 12, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 13, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 14, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 15, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 16, CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 12, CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 10.

The crops are grown for 2 to 3 years, and when the fertility of the soil decreases, the farmer shifts to a new land. (iv) HYV Seeds and Agriculture Universities : In order to enhance production, the government is providing HYV seeds to the farmers.

In which country the ‘slash and burn’ agriculture is known as ‘Roca’? NCERT Solutions for Class 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12, Formulae Handbook for Class 10 Maths and Science. (iii) Several schemes for irrigation were undertaken, and arid and semi-arid areas were brought under cultivation. Mention any four uses. Explain the importance of oilseeds in our day to day life. [CBSE Sept. 2010] [CBSE 2012] Filed Under: CBSE Tagged With: CBSE Class 10 Social Science Solutions, CBSE Class 10 Social Science SST CBSE Class 10 Social Science Geography CBSE Class 10 Social Science Notes, CBSE Solutions, Free Class 10 Social Science Solutions, Free NCERT Solutions, NCERT Books Solution, NCERT CBSE Class 10 Social Science Solutions, NCERT CBSE Solutions, NCERT Class 10 Social Science Solutions, NCERT Solutions, NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Social Science Solutions, NCERT Solutios For Class 10 Social Science Chapter, RD Sharma Class 11 Solutions Free PDF Download, NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Computer Science (Python), NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Computer Science (C++), NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Business Studies, NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Micro Economics, NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Macro Economics, NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Entrepreneurship, NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Political Science, NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Computer Science (Python), NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Business Studies, NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Entrepreneurship, NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Political Science, NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Indian Economic Development, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science, NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Hindi Sanchayan, NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Hindi Sparsh, NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Hindi Kshitiz, NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Hindi Kritika, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Foundation of Information Technology, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Foundation of IT, PS Verma and VK Agarwal Biology Class 9 Solutions, Social Sciences Geography CBSE Class 10 Agriculture LAQ, [CBSE Comp.

(ii) Subsidy on fertilisers is decreased leading to increase in the cost of production. plantations cover large tracts of land , using capital intensive inputs , with the help of migrant labourers . iii. Q.21. Special seminars are also being held.

Countries that have plantation agriculture usually experience tropical climate with high annual temperatures and receive high annual rainfall. Or in this type of farming ,a single crop is grown on large areathe plantation has an interface of agriculture and industry.

[CBSE 2014]

(ii) Agricultural fields are small and farmers possess scattered land holdings.

The degree and extent of commercialised agriculture varies from region to region. Why is agriculture called the mainstay of Indian economy ? [CBSE Sept. 2011] (i) Temperature : It grows well under temperature between 21°C and 27°C. (ii) Rainfall : Tea plant needs heavy rainfall ranging between 150 cm to 250 cm. It can also be grown in black soil.

• Kharif crops are sown with the onset of monsoon in different parts of the country and harvested in September-October.

Plantation agriculture has its roots in the past.

(ii) Subsistence agriculture : (For this, refer Question No. • Plantation is a form of commercial agriculture found in the tropics and the subtropics of America, Africa and Asia. What is known as ‘golden fibre’? In this type of farming ,a single crop is grown on large area. Since the production is mainly for markets a well developed network of transport and communication connecting the plantation areas, processing industries and markets plays an important role in the development of plantations.

• Special weather bulletins and agricultural programmes for farmers on radio and TV. all the produce is used as raw material in respective industries .

Mention the two major tea producing states of South India. Also mention the major states producing that crop.

Countries that have plantation agriculture usually experience tropical climate with high annual temperatures and receive high annual rainfall. (1) Jute is called golden fibre. Ans.

Tea is a soil exhausting crop, so frequent use of chemical fertilisers and manure is essential.

(iii) India earns foreign exchange by exporting agricultural products. • A single crop is grown over large area.

High quantities of fertilisers, high yield variety seeds, insecticides and pesticides are used to enhance the productivity of land. (ii) Rainfall : It grows best in areas receiving 75 cm to 100 cm of rainfall. (i) Dry farming and wet farming. Q.19.

Rice and wheat are two staple food crops of India, Q.17. (i) Old technology and traditional implements are used. (iii) Soil : Light domat (loamy) soil is required. Ans.

Characteristics: (i) The natural setting that lends itself to Mediterranean agriculture is distin­guished by erratic rainfall, mild temperatures, irregular topography, and nearness to large water bodies. • Issuing of Kissan Credit Card and Personal Accident Insurance Scheme, etc. Name any three features of Indian agriculture. Features : all produce is used as raw materials in industries such as tea, coffee, rubber, sugarcane, banana, etc.

Which are the two main cropping seasons in India? Write any four characteristics of commercial Agriculture? This means monthly temperature of about 25°C with minor variation during the sowing, growing and harvesting season, is suitable for the growth of the plant. Plantation Agriculture: It is a type of commercial farming practised in tropical and sub-tropical regions. Areas of Production : Features : It was introduced by the British in India. Write important features of plantation agriculture. Q.2.

Explain Rubber cultivation in India under the following heads: Studyrankers is a free educational platform for cbse k-12 students. Plantation covers large tracts of land, using capital intensive inputs, with the …

Plantation: a usually large farm or estate, especially in a tropical or semitropical country, on which cotton, tobacco, coffee, sugar cane, or the like is cultivated, usually by resident labourers.

(ii) It is a capital intensive farming, i.e., a huge amount of capital is required. Ans. The crop can be successfully grown in areas of low rainfall with the help of irrigation.

Which state is the largest producer of groundnut?

Mention their growing and harvesting periods. Ans. Large land areas are needed for this type of agriculture. A plantation is a large-scale estate, generally centered on a plantation house, meant for farming that specializes in cash crops. (ii) Rainfall : 50-75 cm rainfall is required.

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