doi:10.1139/x05-172, Kramer K, Vreugdenhil SJ, van der Werf DC (2008) Effects of flooding on the recruitment, damage and mortality of riparian tree species: a field and simulation study on the Rhine floodplain. Proc R Soc Lond B 268(1464):289–294, Vyse A, Ferguson C, Huggard DJ, Roach J, Zimonick B (2009) Regeneration beneath lodgepole pine dominated stands attacked or threatened by the mountain pine beetle in the south central Interior, British Columbia. In a variety of ways: Nationwide, reductions to agricultural productivity or sudden losses of crops or livestock will likely have ripple effects, including increased food prices and greater food insecurity. Rapport de l’étude prospective, Conseil regional d’Aquitaine-INRA, Myers N, Mittermeier RA, Mittermeier CG, da Fonseca GAB, Kent J (2000) Biodiversity hot spots for conservation priorities. Clim Res 31(1):59–74, Ledgard NJ, Paul TSH (2008) Vegetation successions over 30 years of high country grassland invasion by Pinus contorta. Rainfall patterns have already begun shifting across the country, and such changes are expected to intensify over the coming years. Climate Change and Agriculture imPACtS, ADAPtAtiOn AnD mitigAtiOn by Anita Wreford, Dominic moran and neil Adger Climate change is likely to have significant impacts on the agricultural sector to which farmers will have to adapt.
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This lack of diversity in farming operations exposes farmers to greater risk and amplifies climate impacts such as changes in crop viability and encroaching pests. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2010.06.011, Forrester DI, Bauhus J, Cowie AL, Vanclay JK (2006) Mixed-species plantations of Eucalyptus with nitrogen-fixing trees: a review.
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This form of farming is mainly found in areas that experience tropical climate. canopy along an elevation gradient. Invertebrate communities. For Ecol Manag 191(1–3):129–146, Ranius T, Roberge J-M (2011) Effects of intensified forestry on the landscape-scale extinction risk of dead wood dependent species. The entrepreneurs inject substantial capital to the moribund, under-developed economy that converts it into a vibrant, dynamic economy. Various authoritative reports, most notably the multiagency 2018 Fourth National Climate Assessment, have reviewed what science is telling US farmers to expect in coming decades—and it’s not pretty. EarthScan, New York, Paquette A, Messier C, Perinet P, Cogliastro A (2008) Simulating light availability under different hybrid poplar clones in a mixed intensive plantation system. doi:10.1098/rspb.2007.1385, Wilson K, Newton A, Echeverria C, Weston C, Burgman M (2005) A vulnerability analysis of the temperate forests of south central Chile. Biol Invasions 14:1533–1544. doi:10.1007/s10531-007-9237-8, Netherer S, Schopf A (2010) Potential effects of climate change on insect herbivores in European forests—general aspects and the pine processionary moth as specific example. Although this hypothesis remains to be formally tested, forest managers worldwide are already considering new approaches to plantation forestry in an effort to create forests that are more resilient to the effects of changing climatic conditions. Invest in public research. As our climate continues to heat up and the impacts of that warming grow more frequent and severe, farmers and farm communities around the world will be increasingly challenged. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2003.10.028, Lindenmayer DB, Cunningham RB, Donnelly CF, Nix H, Lindenmayer BD (2002) Effects of forest fragmentation on bird assemblages in a novel landscape context. Correspondence to
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