Revelation 19:4 And the four and twenty elders and the four beasts fell down and worshipped God that sat on the throne, saying, Amen; Alleluia. αἵ αἰσιν αἱ προσευχαί.
Copyright StatementThe Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. The misunderstanding of this as referring to saints already in heaven(1935) is inapplicable for the reason that the idea that the prayers of the saints are offered to God by the elders(1936) presupposes the fact that the saints themselves are not present with God. And this is added as an exposition to let us know what is meant by odours. "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". 1905. Had taken - `took.'. Revelation 14:2,3 And I heard a voice from heaven, as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of a great thunder: and I heard the voice of harpers harping with their harps: …. Though the falling down does not justify us in supposing, with many expositors, that the Cherubim had a full participation with the elders, yet a sort of counterpoise might have been given in what follows, by its being expressly remarked that the elders alone had part in it. l. 3. c. 6. sect. The fragrant smoke of incense rising from the hand of a worshipper or from an altar in the primitive cultus (cf. With this agrees the mode in which the elders, Revelation 5:9, speak of the saints.
The harps they laid down symbolize joyful music, of which there will be none of in fallen Babylon. The word vial, used commonly of a small bottle, gives a wrong picture here. Bruce was of the opinion that "the elders perform priestly functions in heaven"; but such a view must be rejected. Here now, in such wise, along with that which the lamb did, when he took the book and opened the seals, proceeds the heavenly music." Diminutive from aren; a lambkin. The article here referred to was used for offering incense, and must have been a vessel with a large open mouth. " However, as Barclay proceeded to point out: That such is indeed true is not possible of any contradiction, because, as Paul expressed it: Thus, we must not look for any priestly service, nor any mediatorial function whatever, being performed by those four and twenty elders in heaven. But the vials are brought into notice in connection with their use. Edersheim, describing the offering of incense in the temple, says: “As the President gave the word of command which marked that 'the time of incense had come,' the whole multitude of the people without withdrew from the inner court and fell down before the Lord, spreading their hands in silent prayer. "E.W. "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". '” Compare “the Song of Moses,” Revelation 15:3, and “a new song,” Revelation 5:9. Fell down before the Lamb - who shares worship and the throne with the Father. A diminutive of biblos; a roll. 8. (b)in its being wafted toward heaven - ascending toward the eternal throne. BibliographyCoke, Thomas. Be full. These look down upon the sufferings and conflicts of their brethren, who are still in the flesh, and entreat God to accomplish their redemption and perfect his church. The whole verse signifies the prayers and praises, even all that adoration which God, under the gospel, should have from his ministers and people, for constituting his Son the Head of his church, and making him their Prophet, Priest, and King. These songs of praise, of which this chapter is full, proceeded along with that, which the Lamb did with the book. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn/revelation-5.html. "Thy kingdom come, thy will be done in earth as it is in heaven" (cf.
"Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". Neuter of a compound of en and a derivative of optanomai; in the face of. They are the bloom of the earthly creatures represented by the Cherubim, specially of the human race. Divine adoration is an honour due to the manhood of Christ also, as it is taken into union with the Godhead. BibliographyEllicott, Charles John. “It is the manner of God thus to endear mercies to us, as he endeared a wife to Adam. As a matter of fact, they were not offering any prayers at all in the vision. (1925) Simultaneousness(1926) would have been expressed by the impf. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/revelation-5.html. Fell down before the Lamb - who shares worship and the throne with the Father. Which are the prayers of saints] That is, their own prayers and praises, recorded Revelation 5:9. form ( ἔχοντες ἔκαστος); secondly, the unnaturalness of ascribing to beings as fashioned in Revelation 4:7, harps and vials; and thirdly, the incongruence which would result if the representatives of the creation had the office of offering the prayers of saints. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1887. Züllig sees in this a confirmation of one of his untenable hypotheses, "We have remarked above, that in the Apocalypse the Cherubim do not, as in Ezekiel, themselves bear the throne, but only as mutes (!) Psalms 141:2): not the least sanction to Rome's dogma of praying to saints. The texts read "a harp". Vials, vessels of a peculiar form, used in the sacred ceremonies of the Jews, for incense and for libations.
Prayer is here, not prayer in the most general sense, but supplicatory prayer, תפלה.
And the four and twenty elders fell down and worshipped him that liveth for ever and ever. Revelation 8:3,4 And another angel came and stood at the altar, having a golden censer; and there was given unto him much incense, that he should offer it with the prayers of all saints upon the golden altar which was before the throne…. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, NT Prophecy: Revelation 5:8 Now when he had taken the book (Rev. Revelation 5:8. ὅτε ἔλαβεν (“when he had taken it).”(1924) The aor. Soph.
Cf. XLVI. saints = the saints. As if a superlative of hekas; each or every. It is to be noted, on the one hand, that the latter do not pray for themselves, that for themselves they praise; and on the other, that they are not intercessors for the saints on earth, that they but offer to the Lamb the prayers of the saints, of whom they are, as it were, the hand rather than the mouthpiece. "And golden vials full of odors"--5:8. Revelation 4:4,8,10 And round about the throne were four and twenty seats: and upon the seats I saw four and twenty elders sitting, clothed in white raiment; and they had on their heads crowns of gold…, Revelation 7:10-12 And cried with a loud voice, saying, Salvation to our God which sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb…. Harps - A B, Syriac, Coptic, read, 'a harp:' a guitar, played with the hand or a quill. 1999. And when he had taken the book, the four beasts - The acts of adoration here described as rendered by the four living creatures and the elders are, according to the explanation given in Revelation 4:4-7, emblematic of the honor done to the Redeemer by the church, and by the course of providential events in the government of the world. 1878. living creatures. (a) I receive, get, (b) I take, lay hold of. is to be understood just as in Revelation 6:1; Revelation 6:3, etc. BibliographyBullinger, Ethelbert William. Having—Probably referring to the elders alone; for, 1. 1870. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/revelation-5.html.
Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. phiale. Revelation 5:8 When He had taken the scroll, the four living creatures and the twenty-four elders fell down before the Lamb. The Jews believed that angels carried human prayers to God (cf. He had taken (ελαβεν elaben).
How comforting to know these are offered before the throne.
4, the four beings, the representatives of the entire living creation, and the twenty-four elders, the representatives of redeemed humanity, have worshipped the enthroned God in alternate songs of praise, so here there sounds their united song of praise to the Lamb, before whom they together fall down in adoration; for the Lamb shares in the divine glory of the Enthroned One. Tyr. "Commentary on Revelation 5:8". The four beasts and four and twenty elders; here, as in verse Revelation 5:14, and in chapter Revelation 4:9-10, the four living ones begin the adoration of God, and then the four and twenty elders follow. The idea here is, therefore, that the representatives of the church in heaven - the elders - spoken of as “priests” Revelation 5:10, are described as officiating in the temple above in behalf of the church still below, and as offering incense while the church is engaged in prayer. But that the songs of praise and the opening of the seals went on together, is not once indicated here, and there is no collateral reason for supposing it to have taken place. "Commentary on Revelation 5:8". (as before God himself, Revelation 19:4).— γ. θ., cf. As we have then to note it as a leading point, that in this prophecy two things are written that were done simultaneously, so the one is divided, the one half being written first and the other last, while that which took place at the same time is put in the middle. Public Domain. The Expositor's Greek Testament. Golden, made of gold, adorned with gold. Though they be employed by God in some way unknown to us to present our prayers (nothing is said of their interceding for us), yet we are told to pray only to Him (Revelation 19:10; Revelation 22:8, Revelation 22:9). Rev., less clumsily, having each one a harp. Both are connected together by an internal bond. Song of Solomon 3:6;'. (1927) Naturally, upon the act of the Lamb, which displays the glory belonging exclusively to him, there follows the song of praise, in which the glory just evinced is celebrated. 1832. A new song did they that were delivered sing to Thy name by the seashore. ch. 2012. A papyrus roll. Comparative of presbus; older; as noun, a senior; specially, an Israelite Sanhedrist or Christian 'presbyter'. "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge".
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